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Cyber Dictionary

What is a Computer Virus?

What is a Computer Virus?

What's a computer virus? We hear about it all the time but do you really know what it is and how to prevent one?

What is a WPA2 Password

What is a WPA2 Password

Your Wi-Fi password is the network security pass you use to connect to your home network. This password is important because it protects your system from intruders.

What you should know about Chatbots And cybersecurity

What you should know about Chatbots And cybersecurity

Chatbots are conversational assistants that automate repetitive chores. We like them because they assist them in completing jobs swiftly and without the need for human interaction. But an unprotected chatbot can be a security problem. Hackers can use defenseless AI chatbots to carry out nefarious activities. Read to learn more.

What is a certificate authority CA and what do they do?

What is a certificate authority CA and what do they do?

Certificate authorities are the guardians of digital identity. They come in both public and private capacities. Certificates issued by them are trusted because information are validated from the requester’s own records and/or from third party sources. 

What is 256 Bit Encryption?

What is 256 Bit Encryption?

256 bit encryption has quickly become the industry standard for ensuring security of your data, security of your communication and is really now minimum encryption level for securing your digital environment.

What is HTTPS?

What is HTTPS?

HTTPs enables web servers and web browsers to establish secure connections. It encrypts data being transmitted in both directions. This helps prevent thieves from stealing  sensitive information along the way.

What is a Rogue Certificate?

What is a Rogue Certificate?

A rogue certificate is a valid certificate issued by a legitimate certificate authority. However, it’s untrustworthy because either it was compromised or was issued to the wrong party.

What is a Rootkit?

What is a Rootkit?

Rootkits are nearly invisible and a dangerous type of malware that allows hackers access to computers without the knowledge of the owners. It is designed in such a way that it can remain in a network or on a computer system undetected for an extended period of time.

What is a Botnet and How to Protect Your Business from One?

What is a Botnet and How to Protect Your Business from One?

A botnet is a network of computers that work as a collective to infiltrate your device. Here's how to protect your business from botnets.

What is Spear Phishing?

What is Spear Phishing?

Spear phishing is a targeted cyberattack to steal your information. You should be aware of the dangers of this and how to address them.

What is Whaling?

What is Whaling?

Whale phishing is a targeted spear-phishing attack in which cybercriminals impersonate the high-level executives of an organization to send messages to lower-level company administrators in a position to do the acts being requested by the criminals on two things they want most -- money and data.

What is a Keylogger?

What is a Keylogger?

Keylogger is a digital surveillance tool. They can track every click, touch, key stroke, download and conversation carried out on the device they are installed on

What is AD tracking?

What is AD tracking?

Digital and online ad tracking is the process of gathering data and insights about the performance of online advertising campaigns. Digital systems use methods like cookies, unique tracking URLs, tracking pixels, and other tools

What is a Drive By Download?

What is a Drive By Download?

A "drive by download" is a cyber attack where visiting a website or hovering over an Ad causes malware to infect your computer or device.

What is Shoulder Surfing?

What is Shoulder Surfing?

Shoulder surfing is a form of social engineering that enables cybercriminals to gather information just by looking over their victims’ shoulders. The aim of shoulder surfing is to obtain personal data, such as usernames, passwords or personal identification numbers (PINs), bank account numbers or credit card numbers.

What is a Trojan Horse?

What is a Trojan Horse?

Trojan horse computer viruses are malware disguised as or hidden in legitimate software. Hidden from view and ready to attack.

What is Adware?

What is Adware?

Adware, known as advertising supported software, makes money by displaying ads - popups, inline, banner. ANNOYING!!, but typically used to support free software.

What is a Website Security Certificate?

What is a Website Security Certificate?

A website security certificate is a digital certificate that asserts the identity of a website. It’s a virtual file approved by an industry-trusted third-party called a certificate authority (CA)

What is Hacking?

What is Hacking?

Hacking is an old game in the cyberworld with ever changing players and techniques. It may be done with good intentions or malicious motives. It is growing rapidly because of the proliferation of devices.

What is Typosquatting?

What is Typosquatting?

Cybercriminals target visitors that accidentally mistype website addresses directly into their browsers. They use typosquatting, also called URL hijacking, to deceive visitors and lead them to malicious sites they themselves have set up. 

What is a Hacker?

What is a Hacker?

A hacker is a computer expert. They come in multiple colors and can have positive and negative agendas. They are often called black hat or white hat hackers.

What is a Remote Access Trojan (RAT)?

What is a Remote Access Trojan (RAT)?

A remote access Trojan is a software used by hackers to gain unauthorized access and remote control on a user’s computer or mobile device, including mouse and keyboard manipulation. 

What is a zero-day threat?

What is a zero-day threat?

A zero day threat is a security flaw known or unknown to the software vendor which hasn't had a patch made to fix the vulnerability.

What is Catfishing?

What is Catfishing?

Catfishing is a deceptive technique individuals or criminal entities use to create a fictional personas or fake identities online and use them to scam unwitting victims.

What is a Potentially Unwanted Program (PUP)?

What is a Potentially Unwanted Program (PUP)?

PUPs refer to programs, applications and other software downloaded onto computers or mobile devices that may have an adverse impact on user privacy or security. The term “potentially unwanted program” was coined by McAfee to distinguish the program from malware.

What is Smishing?

What is Smishing?

Smishing is a texting scam. Texts appear to come from reputable companies inducing you to reveal personal information, such as passwords or credit card numbers.

What is Digital Identity?

What is Digital Identity?

A digital identity is a set of unique features and characteristics identifiable to an individual, organization or digital device used for transactions, interactions and representations online. It is essentially any personal data existing online that can be traced back to you.

What is Scareware?

What is Scareware?

Scareware is rogue malware that preys on people’s emotions and fears, pressuring them to download unwanted software or click a link to avoid a catastrophe.

What is Encryption?

What is Encryption?

Encryption is the process of scrambling data – text, audio, video into an unreadable form, known as ciphertext, so only authorized resources can decode/access it.

What is Spam?

What is Spam?

Spam - spam emails, texts and sms messages (i.e. junk email), are unsolicited messages sent indiscriminately in bulk. Spam is a gigantic waste of time and resources.